Zank, Sofia; Hanazaki, Natalia. Evidence - Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine; novo York Vol. 2012, (2012).DOI:10.1155/2012/563570
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Among ns known intervir resources regulated by person populations, medicinal tree stand o fim as important links between people e the inverno environment, naquela knowledge the is existing in many local communities e with naquela large abundance of known e used varieties <1–6>. A knowledge that medicinal plants in traditional communities is very closely linked to a practical facet (doing), having actually been developed over ns years by social interactions of people among themselves e with ns surrounding environment, this expertise assumes crucial role in ns identity formation e self-recognition of these populations.
The usar of medicinal tree in therapies is der widespread prática in folk medicine <4, 7, 8>. Accessibility to modern medicine by the local population does no eliminate a use of local medicinal practices, which is often contained in therapeutic pluralism of ns communities. While no eliminating the prática of folk medicine, the introduction of contemporary medicine might lead to ns disappearance or change of some traditional practices <7, 9>. Other factors may additionally influence a knowledge of medicinal plants, such together gender, type of learning, religion, and açao among others. In relation to gender, porque o example, numerous studies show that various occupations in between men and women end up affecting their expertise of plants <10–13>.
Local knowledge can likewise be affected by transforms in traditional practices. Ns loss of intervir areas, because of urbanization or massive agriculture, could influence significantly classic practices. Natural areas ser estar a resource of therapeutic resource para many communities, and also naquela space for social organization and cultural reproduction. In ns coastal an ar of Brazil, uncontrolled city expansion and property speculation have actually led to extensive loss of natural areas, culture, and traditions the communities vida in these areas <5, 8>. Ns access to territory is of major importance to maintain ns local e traditional caminho of life, because a environment of every given local community has a conditions for their culturais reproduction and identity <14>.
As der form that resistance to the urbanization pressure, some timeless communities have actually been organizing and seeking acknowledgment of their rights of accessibility to land and natural resources. A strategy for recognition of their civil liberties is ns establishment of defended areas ao sustainable use, allowing the maintenance of traditional livelihoods, sustainable use, and conservation of plant sources <15>. The latter realidade can be viewed in a south-central coastline of santa Catarina, where local communities have actually requested a creation of two protected areas (PAs) for sustainable use, an Extractive reserve (RESEX) para the Artisanal Fisheries of Imbituba and Garopaba e the Areais da Ribanceira Sustainable development Reserve (RDS). The establishment of this PAs is a form of withstanding pressures e ensuring access to territory e natural resources para local communities.
Studies of how local expertise is organized e influenced ser estar important ao understanding the processes e maintenance of local knowledge generation. The preservation of culturais identity requires that local knowledge is passed são de generation come generation <16>, e that the processes of knowledge generation estão maintained. Moreover, these research studies collaborated to incorporate a difference in understanding of aboriginal plant into strategies ao conservation.
In this context, this pesquisar aimed to investigate the knowledge about medicinal plants in dois regions proposed para protected areas ao sustainable use in the municipality the Imbituba (SC). And seeking to analyze ns influence the gender, kind of learning, e modern medicine on medicinal tree knowledge. In this study, reflections are made on the relationship of medicine plant understanding with the maintenance of traditional livelihoods and biodiversity conservation.
2. Area of Study
The municipality the Imbituba is located on a south-central coast of ns state of Santa catarina (Brazil), around 90 km south of the capital Florianópolis (Figure 1). Imbituba is der port city, with der population of around 40,000 inhabitants. All municipality is taken into consideration urban, e this means that human being who ~ ~ farmers have actually easy accessibility to market, hospital, e other modern-day facilities.