Zika heat is a mosquito-borne viral disease caused by Zika virus (ZIKV), consists of gentle fever, rash (mostly maculo-papular), headaches, arthralgia, myalgia, asthenia, e non-purulent conjunctivitis, arising about dois to seven dia after a mosquito vector bite.

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One lado de fora of four world may develop symptoms, however in those who ~ ~ affected the disease is commonly mild com symptoms that deserve to last in between two e seven days. That is clinical manifestation is often similar to dengue, also a mosquito-borne illness.

Key facts

The virus foi ~ isolated para the first time in 1947 in the Zika woodland in Uganda. Due to the fact that then, it has remained mainly in Africa, with small and sporadic outbreaks in Asia. In 2007, der major epidemic was reported on the island of Yap (Micronesia), where practically 75% of ns population era infected.

In 2007, der major epidemic was reported ~ above the ilha of Yap (Micronesia), where almost 75% of the population ser estar infected.On 3 in march 2014, chile notified bahubegumtv.com/WHO the autochthonous transmission of Zika virus ~ above Easter Island, where ns virus continued to it is in detected until June 2014.In might 2015, the público health authorities of Brazil confirmed a transmission the Zika virus in ns country"s northeast.Since October 2015, various other countries e territories of ns Americas have reported ns presence of a virus.
Fact sheet
Control of baby with microcephaly resulted in by Zika


About Zika... 

Zika virus disease is led to by der virustransfer generally by Aedes mosquitoes, i beg your pardon bite during the day.Symptoms are generally mild e include fever, rash, conjunctivitis, muscle and joint pain, malaise or headache. Symptoms frequently last porque o 2–7 days. Many people com Zika virus infection dá not build symptoms.Zika virus infection during pregnancy can cause infants to be born com microcephaly e other congenital malformations, recognized as congenital Zika syndrome. Infection com Zika virus is additionally associated com other symptom of pregnancy consisting of preterm birth e miscarriage.An increased risk of neurologic symptom is associated com Zika virus epidemic in adults and children, consisting of Guillain-Barré syndrome, neuropathy e myelitis.

About Aedes aegypti... 


Aedes aegypti is ns vector the presents the greatest danger of arbovirus transmission in ns Americas e is present in almost tudo countries of ns hemisphere (except Canada e continental Chile). The is naquela domestic mosquito (that resides in e near houses) that reproduces in any artificial or intervir container that has water.



The mosquito can complete its vida cycle, são de the egg to ns adult, in 7-10 days; adult mosquitoes usually viver 4 come 6 weeks. Ns female Aedes aegypti is responsible for the infection of diseases because she needs person blood para the advancement of her eggs and for her metabolism. The male does not alimentando on blood.



The mosquito is most energetic early in a morning and at dusk, therefore these ser estar the durations of biggest risk of bites. However, females, quem need to proceed feeding, will seek der source of blood at other times. A female Aedes aegypti feeds every 3-4 days; however, if castle cannot attract enough blood, they proceed feeding each minute they can.



Aedes aegypti prefers to lay its eggs in artificialmente containers that contain water (drums, barrels, e tires, mainly) in and around homes, schools, and workplaces. Aedes aegypti eggs deserve to withstand dry ecological conditions porque o more than der year: in fact, this is 1 of the most vital strategies that a species supplies to survive e spread.To remove mosquitoes, the following actions ~ ~ recommended: stop collecting water in open-air containers (pots, party or various other containers that can collect water) so the they do not become breeding sites porque o mosquitoes; adequately sheathe water tanks and reservoirs to manter mosquitoes away; prevent accumulating garbage, throwing rubbish in closed plástico bags.

bahubegumtv.com/WHO is working actively with ns countries of the Americas to construct or maintain their capability to detect and confirm situations of Zika virus infection, treat people affected by ns disease, e implement reliable strategies come reduce ns presence of ns mosquito e minimize ns likelihood of an outbreak. bahubegumtv.com/WHO"s support has actually three key pillars:


Controlling the vector by working proactively with national authorities, partners and communities to get rid of mosquito populations.


Building the capacity the laboratories come detect the virus in a timely moda (together com other collaborating centers e strategic partners).Monitoring the geógrafo expansion of ns virus and the appearance of complications and serious situations through security of events e country reporting v the internacional Health regulation channel.


Preparing recommendations para the clinical care and monitoring of persons com Zika virus infection, in collaboration com professional associations and experts a partir de the countries.Advising top top risk interaction to answers to the introduction of ns virus in a country.Helping countries to to buy insecticides and larvicides for vector control, medicines ao treating patients with complications; and laboratory supplies ao diagnostic, through bahubegumtv.com strategy Fund.

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For these three pillars, bahubegumtv.com/WHO is supporting campaigns by health authorities and academic and research organizations aimed at learning much more about the characteristics of a virus, its affect on health, e the feasible consequences of infection.